Jujutsu (also commonly and incorrectly spelled as jiu-
“Jū” can be translated as "yielding, gentle, soft, supple, flexible, or pliable", and “jutsu” can be translated as "art, skill, or technique". "Jujutsu" thus has the meaning of "yielding-
Jujutsu has been known from feudal times under various names, such as yawara, kumiuchi, kogusoku, taijutsu, wajutsu, torite, and even judo (as early as 1724). The names jujutsu and yawara were the most widely used.
The old jujutsu schools (koryu) were not limited by style boundaries, but made use of the best possible methods and techniques that their circumstances allowed. They were truly mixed martial arts schools and complete systems.
To date, many koryu jujutsu still exist thanks to unbroken transitions of leadership through the ages. When the Edo period brought lasting peace to Japan, jujutsu evolved into unarmed combat systems for civilian life. These are correctly classified as Edo jujutsu. After or near the end of the Tokugawa period (1868), what is known as gendai (modern) jujutsu started developing.
Some of the ryu also include seifukujutsu (adjustment and restoration art) and kappo (resuscitation methods). It was believed that one who knows how to cause damage to the body and to life, must also know how to reverse it and preserve life.
Over time, gendai jujutsu has been embraced by law enforcement officials worldwide, and continues to be the foundation for many specialized systems used by police. The most famous of these specialized police systems is the taiho-
Some derivative forms developed into competitive sports, most notably judo (Olympic sport), BJJ and sambo. Jujutsu skills and techniques were fundamental in the development of MMA (mixed martial arts) competition, where they continue to prove their worth.
Original Kodokan Judo (founded in 1882 by Jigoro Kano) was a form of, and a development of, jujutsu. In fact, it was a collection of some of the best techniques from a number of jujutsu schools. It was Kano’s vision to unite jujutsu under one system with the ideals of ‘mutual benefit’ and ‘minimum efort, maximum efficiency’. Several of Japan’s prominent jujutsu masters frequently gathered under the guidance of Kano to form the syllabus of judo and its technical ruleset. One such event was the famous gathering at the Butoku Kai in 1905.
One of the most prominent jujutsuka at the time was Mataemon Tanabe, 4th soke (headmaster) of Fusen Ryu. Mataemon Tanabe was a pioneer of modern ne-
Jujutsu, the current standard spelling, is derived using the Hepburn romanization system. Before the first half of the 20th century, however, jiu-