Iaido, abbreviated with iai, is a Japanese martial art that emphasizes being aware and capable of quickly drawing the sword and responding to a sudden attack.
Iaido consists of four main components: the smooth, controlled movements of drawing the sword from its scabbard (saya), striking or cutting an opponent, removing blood from the blade, and then replacing the sword in the scabbard. While beginning practitioners of iaido may start learning with a wooden sword (bokken) depending on the teaching style of a particular instructor, most of the practitioners use the blunt edged sword, called iaitō. Few, more experienced, iaidoka use a sharp edged sword (shinken).
The origin of the first two characters, iai, is believed to come from saying Tsune ni ite, kyū ni awasu, that can be roughly translated as "being constantly (prepared), match/meet (the opposition) immediately". Thus the primary emphasis in iai is on the psychological state of being present. The secondary emphasis is on drawing the sword and responding to the sudden attack as quickly as possible.
The last character, do, is generally translated into English as the way. The term iaido approximately translates into English as "the way of mental presence and immediate reaction", and was popularized by Nakayama Hakudo.
The term emerged from the general trend to replace the suffix -
Iaido was introduced in Malta by Christian and Roderick Bajada. The first official session was held on the 3rd of March 2003 at the Jiushin Kan in Luqa. The style of iai taught at the Jiushin Kan is Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu. It consists of both solo and paired forms (kenjutsu/kumitachi).
MUSO JIKIDEN EISHIN RYU (Eishin Ryu) -
Musō Jikiden Eishin-
The school takes its name from its seventh headmaster, Hasegawa Chikaranosuke Hidenobu, who had founded Hasegawa Eishin-
The founder of the earlier school Eishin-
Following this, Hayashizaki continued on his martial arts pilgrimage, training with renowned swordsmen and attracting students of his own (such as Tamiya Heibei, founder of Tamiya-
Hayashizaki's art has had many names since it was established, such as Hayashizaki-
The seventh generation sōke of Hayashizaki’s school, Hasegawa Chikaranosuke Hidenobu (Eishin), was one of its most important headmasters. He had a major influence on the school. In particular, he adapted techniques originally developed for the tachi to use the contemporary katana. He devised many new techniques, some of which now form the Tatehiza no Bu (Chūden) set. Hasegawa’s influence and adaptation led to the style being named Hasegawa Eishin-
Ōe Masamichi demonstrated sword technique. The line of Jinsuke-
Some regard Hasegawa as the primary founder of Eishin-
The ninth generation sōke was Hayashi Rokudayū Morimasa. Hayashi introduced a set of techniques executed from the formal seated position seiza. These techniques are thought to have been developed by Hayashi’s kenjutsu teacher, the Shinkage-
As the school took root in Tosa, it came to be referred to as Tosa Eishin-
After the death of the 11th headmaster, Ōguro Motozaemon, the school split into two branches. They later became known as the Tanimura-
One of the most important sōke was the seventeenth, Ōe Masaji. Born in Asahi (nakasuka) Tosa in 1852, in his youth Ōe studied Kokuri-